Exploring Matera: A Journey Through Time and Culture

Nestled in the heart of Italy, Matera stands as a captivating city, honored with the prestigious titles of UNESCO World Heritage Site and European Capital of Culture. Renowned for its ancient cave dwellings known as Sassi, which trace back to the Paleolithic era, Matera beckons travelers to immerse themselves in its rich history and cultural tapestry. If you're planning a visit to this unique destination, here are some must-see places to add to your itinerary:


1. Sassi di Matera: Unveiling Centuries of History

At the heart of Matera lies the enchanting Sassi di Matera, an ancient labyrinth of narrow streets and alleys within the old town. Explore the remarkable architecture and rock churches, and delve into the captivating history and culture of the people who called this place home for centuries. Don't miss the chance to visit the Sassi di Matera Cultural Center, where a mesmerizing multimedia show narrates Matera's tale from its origins to the present day.

2. Casa Noha: A Glimpse into Matera's Heritage

Step into the 16th-century Casa Noha, a property belonging to the Fondo Ambiente Italiano (FAI), dedicated to preserving Italy's cultural heritage. This museum offers a vivid portrayal of Matera's history, art, and traditions through videos, photos, and exhibits. Take in the panoramic views of the Sassi from the terrace, adding an extra layer of enchantment to your visit.

3. Matera Cathedral: A Gothic Marvel

Perched on the city's highest point, Matera Cathedral is a splendid example of Romanesque-Gothic architecture. Dating back to the 13th century, the cathedral boasts a beautiful façade adorned with a rose window and three portals. Inside, discover a wealth of frescoes, sculptures, and paintings. The cathedral's vantage point also provides a breathtaking panorama of the Sassi and the surrounding landscape.

4. Matera Museum: Unveiling the City's Artistic Tapestry

Delve into Matera's rich cultural heritage at Matera Museum, where archaeological, artistic, and ethnographic collections come together to tell the city's story. Explore artifacts spanning various periods, from prehistoric tools and Roman coins to medieval sculptures and modern paintings. The museum also hosts temporary exhibitions and cultural events, offering a dynamic perspective on Matera's evolving identity.

5. Parco della Murgia Materana: Nature and History Entwined

For a taste of nature and outdoor adventure, venture into the vast expanse of Parco della Murgia Materana. Encompassing approximately 8000 hectares along the Gravina River, this natural park invites visitors to revel in the beauty of the landscape. Explore ancient rock churches such as Santa Maria de Idris, San Falcione, and Madonna delle Tre Porte, scattered throughout the park, and witness the seamless integration of history and nature.

Matera, with its ancient allure and modern charm, promises an unforgettable journey through the annals of time and culture.

Getting to Matera: A Traveler's Guide

  • By Air: Matera is conveniently accessible via air travel, with the nearest airport being Bari Karol Wojtyła Airport (BRI), approximately 65 km away. Upon landing, hop on a shuttle bus operated by Pugliairbus directly to Matera, with ticket prices starting from €3. The journey unfolds in approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes, providing a seamless transition into the enchanting city.


  • By Train: Matera is well-connected by train, and you can reach it from major Italian cities such as Rome, Naples, Milan, or Venice. Arriving in Bari, a major hub, transition to the smaller Ferrovie Appulo Lucane (FAL) station. Purchase a ticket and embark on a regional train to Matera, with a travel time of around 1 hour and 30 minutes. The scenic train journey adds to the anticipation of exploring Matera's timeless wonders.


  • By Bus: For those who prefer ground transportation, various bus services link Matera to cities across Italy, including Rome, Pisa, Siena, and Florence. Operators like Marozzi, Liscio, and Miccolis offer a range of options. Keep in mind that bus travel times can vary, ranging from 4 to 8 hours, contingent on the origin and stops along the way. Embrace the journey, and let the anticipation build as you approach Matera.


Matera, with its ancient allure and modern charm, promises not only a fascinating exploration of history and culture but also a seamless travel experience, welcoming visitors from near and far.

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