20 Best Things to Do in Istanbul: A Comprehensive Guide

Istanbul is a city that offers a lot of attractions for travelers of all kinds. Whether you are interested in history, culture, cuisine, or nightlife, you will find something to enjoy in this vibrant metropolis. Here are some of the best things to do in Istanbul that you should not miss.

Discover the top 20 things to do in Istanbul, including historic landmarks, cultural experiences, and vibrant neighborhoods. Plan your visit to Istanbul with this comprehensive guide and make the most of your time in this captivating city.
Istanbul from Galata Tower

Things to do in Istanbul 

  • Visit the Hagia Sophia

This iconic building was once a church, then a mosque, and now a museum. It is a masterpiece of Byzantine and Ottoman architecture, with stunning mosaics, domes, and minarets. You can admire the interior and learn about its history with an audio guide or a guided tour.

  • Explore the Grand Bazaar

One of the largest and oldest covered markets in the world, the Grand Bazaar is a maze of shops, stalls, and cafes. You can find anything from carpets, jewelry, spices, antiques, and souvenirs. Be prepared to bargain and haggle for the best prices.

  • Enjoy the Bosphorus Cruise

The Bosphorus is the strait that separates Europe and Asia, and a cruise along it is a great way to see the city from a different perspective. You can admire the palaces, mosques, bridges, and mansions that line the shores, and stop at some of the charming villages along the way.

  • Taste the Turkish Cuisine

Istanbul is a food lover's paradise, with a variety of dishes that reflect its rich and diverse history. You can try the famous kebabs, mezes, baklava, Turkish coffee, and more at the many restaurants, cafes, and street vendors. Don't forget to visit the Spice Market for some fresh and fragrant spices.

  • Experience the Nightlife

Istanbul is not only a cultural and historical hub, but also a lively and modern city with a vibrant nightlife scene. You can find bars, clubs, pubs, and live music venues that cater to all tastes and preferences. Whether you want to dance, drink, or listen to some traditional or contemporary music, you will find something to suit your mood in Istanbul.

  • Marvel at the Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque)

Admire the stunning architecture of this famous mosque, with its six minarets and intricate blue tiles. Remember to dress modestly and remove your shoes before entering.

  • Explore Topkapi Palace

Discover the opulent residence of the Ottoman sultans, which houses a vast collection of artifacts, including precious jewels, weaponry, and imperial treasures. Don't miss the breathtaking views of the Bosphorus from the palace grounds.

  • Wander through the Spice Market (Egyptian Bazaar)

Immerse yourself in the vibrant colors and aromas of this bustling market, where you can find an array of spices, dried fruits, teas, and Turkish delights. Be sure to sample some of the local treats.

  • Visit the Basilica Cistern

Descend into the underground world of this ancient water reservoir, beautifully illuminated by columns and medusa head sculptures. It offers a unique and atmospheric experience.

  • Step back in time at the Istanbul Archaeological Museums

Explore a vast collection of archaeological artifacts, including ancient Greek, Roman, and Ottoman artifacts. Highlights include the Alexander Sarcophagus and the Treaty of Kadesh.

  • Take a stroll in the historic neighborhood of Sultanahmet

Wander through the narrow streets, soak in the ambiance, and discover charming cafes, traditional Turkish houses, and local shops.

  • Discover the Suleymaniye Mosque

Visit this impressive Ottoman mosque, built by the famous architect Mimar Sinan. Explore its serene courtyards, beautiful gardens, and grand interiors.

  • Unwind at a Turkish bath (Hamam)

Indulge in a traditional bathing ritual that combines steam, scrubbing, and massage. Experience relaxation and rejuvenation at one of Istanbul's historic hammams.

  • Explore the Princes' Islands

Take a ferry ride to these charming islands in the Sea of Marmara. Enjoy the peaceful atmosphere, scenic views, and explore the car-free streets by foot or bicycle.

  • Visit the Istanbul Modern Art Museum

Immerse yourself in contemporary Turkish art at this museum, featuring a diverse range of exhibitions, installations, and multimedia displays.

  • Discover the Chora Church (Kariye Museum)

Admire the exquisite Byzantine mosaics and frescoes that adorn the walls of this 11th-century church-turned-museum. It is considered a hidden gem of Istanbul.

  • Explore the neighborhood of Ortakoy

Enjoy the vibrant atmosphere of this lively district located on the Bosphorus shore. Visit the iconic Ortakoy Mosque and try the delicious street food, such as kumpir (loaded baked potatoes) and waffles.

  • Attend a Whirling Dervishes Ceremony

Witness the mesmerizing and spiritual Sufi ritual of the Whirling Dervishes, which involves meditative spinning and enchanting music.

  • Take a ferry to the Asian side

Cross the Bosphorus and explore the Asian side of Istanbul, known as Kadikoy. Experience its laid-back vibes, bustling markets, and enjoy the local cuisine.

  • Climb the Galata Tower

Ascend this medieval tower for panoramic views of Istanbul's skyline. It's a great spot to capture breathtaking photos and get a sense of the city's vastness.

These are just some of the many wonderful experiences awaiting you in Istanbul. Each offers a unique perspective on the city's history, culture, and charm.

How many days are enough to visit Istanbul?

The number of days required to visit Istanbul depends on your interests, the pace at which you prefer to explore, and the depth with which you wish to experience the city. However, to get a good overview of the main attractions and immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Istanbul, it is generally recommended to allocate at least 3 to 4 days for your visit.

Here's a sample itinerary for a 4-day visit to Istanbul:

Day 1: Explore the Historic Peninsula

  • Visit the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, and Topkapi Palace.
  • Explore the Basilica Cistern and the Hippodrome.
  • Wander through the narrow streets of the Sultanahmet district.

Day 2: Discover the Bosphorus and Modern Istanbul

  • Take a Bosphorus boat tour, admiring the waterfront mansions, palaces, and fortresses along the way.
  • Visit the Dolmabahçe Palace and enjoy the scenic views.
  • Explore the vibrant neighborhoods of Beyoglu and Istiklal Avenue, known for their shops, cafes, and nightlife.

Day 3: Dive into Turkish Culture

  • Explore the Grand Bazaar, indulging in shopping for traditional Turkish goods.
  • Visit the Spice Bazaar and experience the sights, sounds, and aromas of the vibrant market.
  • Visit the Suleymaniye Mosque and the Süleymaniye Hamam (Turkish bath).

Day 4: Optional Day Trips or Further Exploration

  • Consider taking a day trip to the Princes' Islands or the nearby city of Bursa.
  • Alternatively, you can use this day to revisit any attractions you particularly enjoyed or explore other areas of the city at your leisure.

Of course, if you have more time, you can extend your stay in Istanbul to explore additional neighborhoods, visit more museums, or take part in other activities such as culinary tours or Turkish folk dance performances. Istanbul offers a wide range of experiences, and the more time you have, the more you can immerse yourself in the city's unique culture and history.


  1. How many days should I spend in Istanbul?

    • It is recommended to allocate at least 3 to 4 days to explore Istanbul and its main attractions. This will give you enough time to experience the city's rich history, culture, and vibrant atmosphere.
  2. What are the must-visit attractions in Istanbul?

    • Some of the must-visit attractions in Istanbul include the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace, Grand Bazaar, Basilica Cistern, and taking a Bosphorus boat tour. These landmarks showcase Istanbul's historical and cultural significance.
  3. Is Istanbul safe for tourists?

    • Istanbul is generally considered safe for tourists. However, as with any major city, it's important to take precautions and be aware of your surroundings. It is advisable to follow basic safety guidelines, such as avoiding isolated areas at night and keeping an eye on your belongings.
  4. What is the best time to visit Istanbul?

    • The best time to visit Istanbul is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is mild and pleasant. Summers can be hot and crowded, while winters are generally mild but can be rainy. Consider your preferences for weather and crowds when planning your visit.
  5. What is the currency in Istanbul?

    • The currency used in Istanbul is the Turkish Lira (TRY). It is recommended to have some local currency on hand for small purchases, but credit cards are widely accepted in most establishments.
  6. Can I visit Istanbul during Ramadan?

    • Yes, you can visit Istanbul during Ramadan. However, it's important to be aware that Ramadan is a religious month of fasting for Muslims, and some restaurants and cafes may have limited operating hours during daylight hours. It is advisable to respect local customs and be considerate during this time.

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